Qualitative and Mixed Research Methods Discussion

Description

Discussion Posting – Readings:  The

purpose of this discussion postings is for students to read the 

assigned textbook chapters (APA Ch. #9, APA Ch. #10), synthesize the 

information, and then critically think and share the information with 

other students using their own words. 

Initial Posting (Saturday): The assignment requires students to read the week’s assigned reading requirements (APA Ch. #9, APA Ch. #10),  then post a summary of four (4) interesting facts that they learned  from the reading of “each” assigned chapter using their own words by the  Saturday due date. Direct quotes are not acceptable.

The  initial postings must be substantively provided with a minimum of four  paragraphs for each textbook chapter – one paragraph for each  interesting fact from each assigned reading – if two (2) chapters, then a  total of eight (8) paragraphs/facts (four (4) for each chapter). Each  paragraph must contain a minimum of three (3) robust sentences. CAUTION:  It is not appropriate to make postings like “I found the information on  XXXX to be interesting” as this is not a substantive posting. The  postings must be provided informing the reader that you understand the  interesting facts you are posting – as if you are teaching the reader  about the interesting fact. Remember that these postings must be in your  own words.

Response Postings to a Minimum of Four (4) Other Students (Sunday):  Then by the Sunday due date, read and provide a substantive response  posting to a minimum of four (4) other students. These response postings  to other students must be substantive with a minimum of two (2)  paragraphs (minimum of three (3) sentences per paragraph). Remember that  these response postings must be in your own words. Please see the  Course Syllabus for specific due dates.

reply 1

Chapter 9: Reference List

According to the APA 7 publication manual, Chapter 9 covers elements of a reference list in research papers and articles that will be accepted into reference lists (Stringer, 2020). These four elements are author, date, title, and source. For each reference, number of authors to be included are increased up to 20 additional as the number of authors in the journal increases. The name and title of the reference should be removed, and only the source used can be used. These are published as hyperlinks within each work, but are not added as a label to the metadata page (Stringer, 2020).

Digital object identifiers (DOIS) and URLs are mandatory to add for each reference that lists works whose content was generated by an open-access project (see Chapter 7). The first three are optional for this purpose (Stringer, 2020). The last three are mandatory in this example. A reference list should include a title and author along with a date for inclusion into reference lists. The year the reference was first made and the date the reference was last made are also required (Stringer, 2020).

When it comes to the date, the data of references no longer than last few years and the work used as reference for its date are to be included (Murphy, 2020). For example, the original date is given but the author and date of publication are in an earlier version, and the source of the work is mentioned as a link within the reference page. If this data, as the example demonstrates, is not available at the time when a reference list is generated, the data should be given via a URI in a source to be cited (Murphy, 2020).

Moreover, the annotated bibliography guidelines and APA 7 guide for the data that is used should be followed for the date and author, for the reference list (Murphy, 2020). The annotation of the dates, especially for the year and year of the author should be placed under the author. To avoid duplicate content in documents of this type, authors are required to submit a date for the first edition of their paper and a date for the first edition of their data if those are not available (Murphy, 2020).

Chapter 10: Reference Examples

Chapter 10 is the practical view of examples of the references. It shows how to design and create references from reference categories and to construct multiple references with multiple categories (Brar, 2020). However, the initial concept of this chapter is to accompanying parenthetical and narrative in-text citations. This is to make a reference work according to the APA standards. Each reference categories is treated as a small number of reference categories. The reference is presented in terms of parenthetical and narrative in-text citations for each of the reference categories (Brar, 2020).

References are streamlined as a whole, adding a focus on a specific topic. They are simplified into a single reference (Brar, 2020). References, by means, contain a central text that guides the reader. Instead, references are presented in order and with a clear structure. Thus, to create reference categories, a reference is presented in a text, followed by a small text containing a short description (Brar, 2020).

Audio-visual materials receive expanded coverage, with new examples for video, audio recording, lectures and video game demos. In contrast, the content of the article is not included. Each audio visual material is part of the list of video visual materials (Stringer, 2020). Each video visual material is also included in one or two of the three categories. A reference should be used as a first reference in a formal structure. It should be a concise statement or summary of a set of facts, facts that are important for the student or the instructor (Stringer, 2020).

For consistency and ease of formatting, blogs and other online platforms that publish articles are part of the periodicals category (Stringer, 2020). For example, on YouTube all other content is addressed. For consistency with the textbook chapters, videos and audio recordings are treated as separate materials in the periodical’s category. References are outlined as the text for books of the same name, with bolding in the case of books. Other content was not treated as different materials (Stringer, 2020).

References

Brar, R. (2020). University Library: APA Referencing 7th Edition: Journals, Newspapers & Magazines.

Murphy, C. (2020). LibGuides: APA 7th Referencing UniSkills: Author variations.

Stringer, L. (2020). Subject Guides: Referencing Styles-a Practical Guide: APA. https://subjectguides.york.ac.uk/referencing-style-guides/apa.

reply 2

Characteristics of qualitative research: Usually, qualitative research engages the gathering of information from the master source by direct examination of the researcher rather than involving the members in the research room for learning. The natural setting environment through which the qualitative research is designated. The second important characteristic of qualitative research is researchers who normally involves in gathering the data by themselves directly from inspecting certain actions, interrogating the candidates, and analyzing the documents and files (American Psychological Association, 2020).

This implies that qualitative research does not depend on the data or information provided by the other investigators. Various sources of information or data is another characteristic of qualitative research which states that the researchers depend on a wide range of data types, namely audiovisual, files, interviews, and documents in order to acquire the required data.

Qualitative design: Besides having the common characteristics of qualitative research, the qualitative design incorporates particular techniques such as methods, designs in the practice of carrying out qualitative research, and inquiry strategies. Some of the qualitative research designs that are chosen by researchers are case study, ethnography, phenomenology, ground-theory, and narrative (Creswell & Creswell, 2018).

Roles and reflexivity of the researcher: Usually, the researchers will mainly control the qualitative research because they expend a huge amount of time with the respondents or contributors. At the time of interpretive practice of researchers with the respondent, they have to think regarding issues such as unfairness, principles, and also individual conditions such as history, culture, and social-economic position that help the researcher’s analysis at the study.

References

American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association.

Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2018). Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. SAGE Publications, Inc.

reply 3

Characteristics of qualitative research: Usually, qualitative research engages the gathering of information from the master source by direct examination of the researcher rather than involving the members in the research room for learning. The natural setting environment through which the qualitative research is designated. The second important characteristic of qualitative research is researchers who normally involves in gathering the data by themselves directly from inspecting certain actions, interrogating the candidates, and analyzing the documents and files (American Psychological Association, 2020).

This implies that qualitative research does not depend on the data or information provided by the other investigators. Various sources of information or data is another characteristic of qualitative research which states that the researchers depend on a wide range of data types, namely audiovisual, files, interviews, and documents in order to acquire the required data.

Qualitative design: Besides having the common characteristics of qualitative research, the qualitative design incorporates particular techniques such as methods, designs in the practice of carrying out qualitative research, and inquiry strategies. Some of the qualitative research designs that are chosen by researchers are case study, ethnography, phenomenology, ground-theory, and narrative (Creswell & Creswell, 2018).

Roles and reflexivity of the researcher: Usually, the researchers will mainly control the qualitative research because they expend a huge amount of time with the respondents or contributors. At the time of interpretive practice of researchers with the respondent, they have to think regarding issues such as unfairness, principles, and also individual conditions such as history, culture, and social-economic position that help the researcher’s analysis at the study.

References

American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association.

Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2018). Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. SAGE Publications, Inc.

Finding from Chapters 9 and 10

There are very interesting findings that I found informative from both of those chapters. Some of the concepts which I felt interesting from chapter 9 are as follows. The research report is the topic that grabbed my attention and the report should comprise of various concepts like selection of topic by identifying the problem, formulating research questions (Odo et al., 2021). Gathering information based on the research questions framed. Analyzing data by using various data analysis tools. The second topic which I felt interesting si variants in qualitative structure study. There are different approaches in which a qualitative method can be conducted some of them include the descriptive approach which is most widely adopted. Storytelling approach, thematic approach, experimental or performance approach. There are very interesting and I have found very valuable information through those topics which have been listed. Depending on the population that needs to be selected and the point of view and flexibility and scope of the research this selection of variant is done in general (Lee et al., 2020).

Some of the interesting facts which I felt informative from chapter 10 to include as follows. The mixed-method process research description is the one that I felt informative. Depending o the accuracy of the results and analysis report this selection is done. It combines qualitative and quantitative analysis. Some of the research questions are based on the qualitative method and some are quantitative-based (Lee et al., 2020). The approaches and tests conducted are also involved the combination of both methods. The data which is collected is analyzed using both forms of analysis tools. Mixed method design is one more topic that attracted my concentration. This clearly explained the various mixed methods which include sequential exploratory, sequential transformative, sequential triangulation, concurrent embedded, and concurrent transformative. These methods and approaches are can be selected based on the flexibility of the author as they play a very vital role in the obtaining of information related to the topic selected for research conducting (Debnath et al., 2021).

References

Debnath, F., Mondal, N., Deb, A. K., Chakraborty, D., Chakraborty, S., & Dutta, S. (2021). Determinants of optimum exclusive breastfeeding duration in rural India: a mixed-method approach using cohort and content analysis design. International Breastfeeding Journal, 16(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13006-021-00359-3

Lee, H.-Y., Yoon, N.-H., Oh, J., Park, J. S., Lee, J.-K., Moon, J. R., & Subramanian, S. V. (2020). Are “Obstetrically Underserved Areas” really underserved? Role of a government support program in the context of changing landscape of maternal service utilization in South Korea: A sequential mixed-method approach. PLoS ONE, 15(5), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0232760

Explanation & Answer length: 700 Words.

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