Blockchain and Total Quality Management Research


As you look for research question/s of interest to you, focus on the peer-reviewed academic journal articles in your area of interest that were published in the last 3 to 4 years; and that no previous researcher has solved the research problem completely, or that certain research questions have been left un-answered. You may also review the Implications for Research section and/or Future Research Directions section in these published articles for potential research questions.

Explanation & Answer length: 5 pages

Based on your resources create a draft outline for your paper. It should represent how you are going to answer the research question If so post your topic, research question and the outline in the designated conference 8. 9. e 4 Make sure the question can be objectively answered- preferably quantitative 7. e i n bjec i el g back Formulate your research question 6. e he e ea ch Select the one that you like most and has supporting resources 5. can an Do an initial library search to see if there are relevant resources for your topic 4. hink Narrow your ideas to a few topics that you like 3. d n Gather your thoughts on topic of interest and relevant 2. 10. If Review the research guidelines 1. SELECTING YOUR RESEARCH TOPIC The Research Process The following material is excerpts from the UMUC/UCSP 611 which you may find helpful in formulation of your research project.

To be a successful researcher, whether for personal, academic, or professional reasons, it helps to think of research as a process. There are steps to follow that can help you to more effectively approach your research. By incorporating all of the following steps you will further hone your research skills, enabling you to conduct graduate level research. Remember, research is not linear. You will frequently need to modify your direction based on what you learn as you gather information. The basic 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. steps in the research process are: selecting a topic formulating a research question identifying the main ideas and related terms identifying the information you will need and selecting the appropriate research tools locating and retrieving materials determining the relevancy of materials taking notes or highlighting information and organizing it writing the paper In academic research, you are often given an assignment or some guidelines to follow when identifying a topic. Some instructors assign a specific topic, or they will ask you to select a topic that interests you. If you are asked to choose your own topic, begin by gathering background information on a topic that interests you. Once you have a topic, you must narrow the focus and formulate a research question that is more focused than a general assignment so that you can reasonably investigate the question and come to a conclusion within the length of the paper assigned.

What Is a Research Question? A research question is the main question you propose to answer in your research paper. A specific question that guides the research process, it may change during the course of your research. Occasionally, you can follow your original query through to the final paper without revision. However, it is much more common to find that you must broaden or narrow your topic after conducting preliminary research. Formulating a research question or thesis statement is meant to be a preliminary step. In fact, you may find through your research that you must go in a completely different direction and change your research question altogether. Formulating a research question may initially seem to be the easiest part of conducting research. However, having a general assignment does not mean that you should skip this step to save time. It may cost you valuable hours if you begin your research without a clear focus. Thesis Statements You may also be asked to provide a thesis statement. If you reword your research question as a statement, it becomes the basis for the thesis statement. See table 2.1 below for more details on how to turn a topic into a research question or thesis statement. How Do I Create an Appropriate Research Question? In creating a research question, use the following checklist to help determine the appropriateness of your question. If you answer yes to all of the questions below, you probably have a good research question; if not, you may want to consider reworking it. Is my research question appropriate for the audience for which I am writing? Is it relevant to my course, and does it fit the scope of my assignment?

Does it pass the “So what?” test? In other words, will it be of interest to others? Is it manageable in the time I have to do the research? Can I find and access enough documents, statistics, or persons to provide information to develop and support my ideas? (For example, for a 20-page paper, you need a broader topic than for a PowerPoint presentation or a 3-page paper.) Is it an open-ended question that can be answered with more than yes, no, or a brief statement of fact? Can I reasonably answer my research question? Is it too broad? Too narrow? Does it suggest factors that can be measured? Is the topic of interest to me? Narrowing Your Topic A research question should be neither too broad nor too narrow. If you are starting with a broad topic, it helps to narrow it down until you come up with a workable research question. Table 2.2 provides some examples of ways to narrow a topic. Broadening Your Topic If you need to broaden your research question, you can reverse the procedure described above. You can also create a concept map to help you visualize the relationship between concepts to either broaden or narrow them.

Concept maps graphically illustrate relationships between information. In a concept map, related ideas are visually linked to one another. To create a concept map, you can use spreadsheet software, such as Microsoft Excel, or download from the Web a free tool, such as SmartDraw. More Tips for Improving Your Research Question Table 2.3 provides some practical suggestions on how to restructure research questions that are too broad, too narrow, or unanswerable so that they will make a high-quality research paper possible. Approaching Topics from Different Perspectives In conducting research on a topic, it is useful to get a comprehensive view by approaching the topic from a variety of perspectives. For example, if you are interested in the ways globalization has affected information technology employees in China, you could examine this question from several perspectives: business, political science, social, cultural, or psychological. Searching from these different perspectives in different subject databases will give a more well-rounded view of the answer to the research question. Source:

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